Frequently Asked Questions

What is the difference between essential and pulmonary hypertension?

Essential hypertension is also known as primary hypertension, which is about 90-95% of all hypertension cases. Essential hypertension is defined as high blood pressure occurring due to non-specific lifestyle choices. This can include obesity, excessive intake of salt and alcohol and smoking. Essential hypertension may also occur due to genetic predisposition. Genetic factors likely play some role in high blood pressure, heart disease, and other related conditions. However, it is also likely that people with a family history of high blood pressure share common environments and other potential factors that increase their risk. Pulmonary hypertension is defined as an excessive pressure created in the arteries, extending to the lungs. This is a less common form of hypertension. It can occur at any age, but most commonly between the ages of 20-60.

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